Development of the grid – part 1
The power grid as we know it began with isolated power generation systems across the world in the 1870s. The growth and unification of the systems into an interconnected AC power grid helped to raise the quality of life for people within the grid.
During the first decades of the twenty-first century, central stations grew larger and started using higher steam pressures to improve their efficiency as well as relied on multiple generators to provide reliability and cost savings. The transmission of high-voltage AC drive enabled distribution for wider areas. Since then, energy production has remained largely an unchanged one-way street in most parts, and certainly there have been small improvements in every area but nothing revolutionary.
Traditional Energy Distribution
Power Grid Today
Power grids play an important part in delivering electricity to consumers. The current traditional grid system is complex, highly inefficient and has become more and more susceptible to blackouts, not to mention global warming and other ecological concerns. Therefore it is necessary to minimize the losses with optimized form of a grid structure combined with our latest technologies for an efficient green energy production.
The growing popularity of electric vehicles and heat pumps are increasing the persisting world energy consumption even further and due to our outdated infrastructure on energy distribution, power network operators cannot compete with the growing pressure to meet the needs; such as increasing customer demands, growing data volume from smart meters and decentralized distribution.
Finally, energy distribution is undergoing a very similar transformation that happened around 17 years ago, when BitTorrent emerged and started providing peer-to-peer services within the network for data sharing. The fact is that renewable energy use has grown much faster than anyone anticipated.
Grid operators are facing more uncertainties, complex activities resulting from developing electricity and digital technologies, constantly changing consumer habits and new market opportunities. In part 2 we will be concentrating on the aforementioned problems and their solutions with the most recent technology achievements and how it will reform the grids structure and appearance. Stay tuned!
-The Energy Bit Team